Primary care tips for everyday

 Here are a few tips for healthy lifestyle – physical, emotional and mental. 

  • Get enough sleep (adults 7-8 hours and children 9-10 hours minimum) 
  • Some form of physical activity like walking, jogging in fast pace (6000 steps/day minimum)
  • Some form of meditation for inner peace (30 minutes minimum)
  • Balanced food (Less carbohydrate, more protein, lots of vegetable and fruits, enough water)
  • Entertainment, connecting socially and a feeling of love (With family, friends and community every week)
  • Staying engaged than idle (Physical exercise, learning or doing some work)

Here are a few primary care tips and information that is useful for every family at home.

FEVER

Causes :

Fever is the most common symptom and can be caused for many reasons.

What can be done at home:

  • Cold Compress
  • Antipyretic: Tylenol/Motrin
  • Plenty of fluid: 
  • Rest

When to take to doctor’s office: Very high fever

 DIARRHEA

Causes:

Types:

  • Infectious
  • Non infectious

What can be done at home:

  • Plenty of water/Gatorade. make sure to urinate at least 3 times a day. 
  • High in simple carb e.g. rice
  • Avoid fat/protein/fiber which is difficult to digest 

When to take to doctor’s office: fever, very weak, unable to eat/drink, Stool with blood mix

 
Vomiting (stomach bug) 

Causes:

What can be done at home: do not eat for about 2 hours after vomiting, after 2 hours, start by drinking water/clear liquid, progress slowly to easy to digest food.

When to take to hospital: very frequent vomiting, very weak, no urine for 8 hours, fever

 

Cold /cough

Causes: viral (more common), bacterial, allergic

How to know common cold vs flu?

Common cold: starts slowly, low grade fever, mild lethargy, mild body ache

Flu: start suddenly: fine at one moment and suddenly you become very sick ( lethargy, severe muscle ache, high fever (more than 101) 

What can be done at home: Rest, drink plenty of water/fluid, take Tylenol, Motrin for fever/body ache, make sure you urinate at least 3 times a day

When to go to hospital: Difficulty with breathing, high fever, nuchal rigidity, confusion, 

 

Sore throat

Bacterial vs viral?

Bacterial: Starts suddenly, high fever, very sick

Viral: starts slowly, low grade fever, mildly sick

For teen agers: Mononucleosis

What can be done at home: Tylenol/Motrin, rest, plenty of fluid

When to go to hospital: if bacterial, need to go to dr’s office to rule out Strep throat, if strep throat, very important to get treated esp for children as it carries complication like: kidney disease or rheumatic heart disease) 

 

Mononucleosis ( kissing disease)

symptoms: sore throat, fatigue, fever

Cause: air born, kissing

what can be done at home:

When to take to hospital:

 

Pneumonia:

not itself contagious

Types: viral, bacterial

What can be done at home: rest, plenty of fluid intake, Tylenol/motrin for feverTreatment: needs antibiotics

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